Dr. Bar is Director of Studies at the Institute of Policy and Strategy, Interdisciplinary Center Herzliya, Israel. He retired from the Israeli civil service in 2003 after 30 years as an intelligence analyst, during which he specialized in Jordanian, Palestinian, Iranian and Syrian affairs, and ideological and operational aspects of the Jihadi-Salafi movement and served in various senior positions in Israel and abroad. Dr. Bar holds a Ph.D. in History of the Middle East from Tel-Aviv University (1989), M.A. (Magna cum Laude) in History of the Middle East from Tel-Aviv University (1984) and a B.A from The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 1974, in Jewish and Middle Eastern History. He has published numerous books and papers on Middle Eastern affairs, terrorism and radical Islam.